Surprisingly, researchers have found that three of the samples were completely ruled out as being from Beethoven’s head.
“Of the five authentic samples, one is known as the Stumpff lock. It was found to be the best preserved of the bunch, and it was actually the one that was used to provide the genetic sequence for the analysis that they did,” she added.
The Stumpff lock has led to the discovery of gene variants, highlighting Beethoven’s potential health risk of liver cirrhosis.
“That’s just the permanent scarring of the liver, and it sort of stops the liver from working normally,” Perfetto explained.
Although scientists cannot conclude the direct cause of his death, the study has identified liver complications.
“It’s a very interesting sort of case study into our fascination with how people die, especially with musical icons and celebrities and people like Beethoven who died nearly 200 years ago and we’re still trying to figure it out.”
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